Full restoration of my 1963 Heathkit HR-10B receiver

 

Before:

The front panel has rust pit and paint damage due to rust. The power transformer has rust as does the top of the chassis. The point to point wiring is old and dried up. The power cord is a 2 blade non-polarized plug. The triple capacitor can is old and is an accident waiting to happen.  What’s not shown is a previous owner scribe his name, address, and SSN on the chassis in 2 places, something that was done many years ago for identification in case of theft. That information will be removed.  The top cover, not show, has rust pits and aging paint discoloration. The DET/ANL/AGC and audio tubes are missing as was the optional Heathkit HRA-10-1 100Khz calibrator. The RED dial pointer was also missing. Both sides of the bottom cover has a lot of rust. A good thing is that all 7 knobs were dirty but all were in excellent physical condition. Finding the original knobs can be rather difficult, especially in good, not cracked, physical condition. The dial glass was dirty but also in very good physical condition, no cracks or scraps and the White characters and lines were solid, not faded.

 

 

 

 

After:

A full restoration of an HR-10B receiver is not simply replacing a few out of tolerance resistors, capacitors, and electrolytic capacitors. A full restoration of the HR-10B receiver is to fully disassembled the receiver down to a bare chassis then perform the following steps.

All fixed resistors and capacitors are replaced with new components

All electrolytic capacitors, including multi-capacitor cans, are replaced with new capacitors

All point to point wiring is replaced with new wiring

Wiring harness is carefully disconnected, removed, cleaned, and the break out ends are stripped of insulation for reuse

All potentiometers, slide and rotary switches are thoroughly cleaned, inspected for proper operation. Switch bearing assemblies are cleaned and lubricated for ease of operation.

All variable capacitors are thoroughly cleaned, inspected for bent plates, corrosion pits, then the ball bearing end, if so equipped, is lubricated with DeoXit L260ap grease. The flexible shaft to frame connection is cleaned with DeoXit D5 to remove any dust/dirt collected at that point

The chassis and support brackets are sanded to remove any rust and corrosion then painted with Rustolium Metallic Nickel paint from Walmart

Each shaft coupler is cleaned of all rust and corrosion. Wrong or damaged set screws are replaced with new machine screws

Most, if not all mounting hardware is replaced with new 6x32x1/4, 6x32x3/8, 6x32x1/2 machine screws, #6 internal star washers, and 6x32x1/4 machine nuts. The top cover and bottom cover plate mounting screws are replaced with new 6×1/4 sheet metal screws.

New ground tabs and multi-tab terminal strips replace old worn out terminal strips

Meter is checked for proper operation by using Ohms Law to calculate the value of series resistor(s) and a 6 volt battery for a Full Scale (FS) meter movement. Meter should move freely from zero to FS without hang up.

The receiver is reassembled using the full assembly manual.

I don’t rely solely on the resistor color bands and/or the resistor’s value printed on the packing the resistor came in, I check each resistor with an Ohm Meter.

A new 2 blade polarized power cord replaces the original 2 blade non-polarized power cord. If there is no fuse holder, I install a fuse holder and calculate the proper fuse rating using Ohms Law formula “PriCurrent = Pwr in watts / AC line voltage x 1.5”

Once reassembly is complete and before any power is applied, a thorough inspection of all connections and component placement to find and fix any wiring errors. Failure to do this step can lead to damage. Wiring errors and shorts found are fixed and rechecked.

Voltage measurements with all tubes removed are conducted.

Voltage measurements with Rectifier Tube 6X4 installed are conducted

Full power up test for RF Amp, local oscillator, mixer and IF strip and audio amplifier test are conducted.

An alignment is conducted and any failures found are fixed.

The HRA-10-1 100Khz calibrator was not included so I found one on eBay, checked for component and wiring failures, then tested for proper operation.

Home made decals for the rear panel and tube identification on top of the chassis were made using MS WORD and Testors Clear Ink Jet printer decal paper.

Performing a full restoration is not an easy task. The receiver should be complete before any full restoration is attempted. All new components such as resistors, capacitors, mounting hardware, dial cord if required, new power cord, new rubber grommets, new tube sockets, and new wiring should be obtained before any full restoration is started. The power transformer should be thoroughly checked for shorts and opens in the winding’s and to the iron core. Proper tools such as a solder station, small flat and Phillips screw drivers, wire cutters, medical Forceps, wire strippers, nut drivers, and a well lighted work area. A “complete” full assembly manual is a must. Take your time, don’t rush the restoration. The HR-10B, like many HR-10B found at ahmfest and on eBay, did not have the HRA-10-1 100Khz calibrator. I found one on eBay and restored it to like new condition. However, I have another HR-10B receiver that did not have the optional HRA-10-1 100Khz calibrator so I built one using the original HRA-10-1 circuit but built the calibrator on a PC board. I designed the PC board using ExpressPCB CAD software and submitted the design to Express PCB and they made me 3 PC boards. The bottom left picture shows the home made 100Khz calibrator and the picture to the right shows the same calibrator PC board mounted in my other HR-10B receiver. The connections are made at the bottom of the PC board then wiring is routed through the HRA-10-1 octal socket center guide post hole and connected below the chassis. The 4 3/8″ dual female HEX stand off provide ground returns for B+, filament, and output.  No changes in the front panel calibrator control slide switch were necessary. The calibrator works very well.